Welfenlab - Leibniz 
                        Universität Hannover Welfenlab Leibniz Universität Hannover

Publikationen nach Jahren

Hier finden sie unsere Publikationen geordnet nach Jahren. Sie können auch eine Liste aller Publikationen einsehen.

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Franz-Erich Wolter, "Shape and Image Cognition, Construction and Compression via Tools from Differential Geometry ", IMI DISTINGUISHED LECTURE (2011),

We shall describe how concepts from differential geometry, especially from Riemannian geometry have been providing powerful tools creating major advances in geometric modeling, geometry processing and image analysis dealing with the topics presented in the title of this address. This talk includes a retrospective compiling contributions of the author's works showing how concepts from local and global differential geometry have introduced new methods into geometric modeling and shape interrogation and classification finally ending with modern state of the art research on geometry processing and image processing.

A major part of this seminar is dedicated to discussing how "efficient finger prints" useful for indexing and clustering digital data collections can be derived from spectra of Laplace operators. Laplace operators can be naturally associated with geometric objects such as surfaces and solids as well as (colored) images - including 2d- and 3d-image data. Recently the latter works obtained particular attention in the area of medical imaging.

Next we focus on cut loci, the medial axis and its inverse in Euclidean and Riemannian worlds. This work starts with basic medial axis results presented by the author in the early nineties. Those results state: The Medial Axis Transform can be used to reconstruct, modify and design a given shape ("Shape Reconstruction Theorem"). Under some weak assumptions, the medial axis contains the essence of the topological shape of the geometric object as it is a deformation retract of the given shape ("Topological Shape Theorem"). Therefore the medial axis contains the homotopy type of the given shape. We present recent results showing how geodesic Voronoi diagrams, geodesic medial axis and its inverse can be computed in 3d- or higher dimensional Riemannian spaces. The "medial axis inverse" allows to construct a medial modeler providing efficient features for shape optimization with respect to shape dependent mechanical properties.

Karl-Ingo Friese, Philipp Blanke, Franz-Erich Wolter, "YaDiV - An Open Platform for 3D Visualization and 3D Segmentation of Medical Data", The Visual Computer 27 (2011), no. 2, 129-139,
In this work, we present the concept, design and implementation of a new software to visualize and segment 3-dimensional medical data. The main goal was to create a platform that would allow to try out new approaches and ideas while staying independent from hardware and operating system, being especially useful for interdisciplinary research groups. A special focus will be given on fast and interactive volume visualization and a survey on the use of Virtual Reality (VR) and especially haptic/force feedback in medical applications.
Bernd-Arno Behrens, Franz-Erich Wolter, Philipp Blanke, Adrian Santangelo, "Inverse 3D-Materialflusssimulation zur Zwischenformauslegung fĂŒr das Gesenkschmieden", UTF Science 2 (2011),
Die Bestimmung der Vorform- und Zwischenformgeometrien nimmt bei der Auslegung der Stadienfolge fĂŒr das Gesenkschmieden eine zentrale Stellung ein. Sie erfolgt bislang iterativ und zum grĂ¶ĂŸten Teil wissensbasiert. In diesem Beitrag wird ein Ansatz vorgestellt, mit dem das Ziel verfolgt wird, durch die zeitlich rĂŒckwĂ€rtsschreitende Betrachtung des Schmiedeprozesses die Einlegegeometrie der jeweiligen Vorstufe zu berechnen. Es wird hierfĂŒr ein Materialflussmodell angewendet, welches auf der Ermittlung des geometrischen Widerstandes im Schmiedeteil basiert und schnelle Rechenzeiten ermöglicht.
Franz-Erich Wolter, "Differential Geometric Methods in Geometric Modeling", (2011), This lecture was presented on July 25, 2011 at Tsinghua University in Beijing.

This talk includes a retrospective compiling contributions of the author`s works showing how concepts from local and global differential geometry have introduced new methods into CAGD. The seminar is essentially covering two areas surface contact and applications and distance computations and applications.

We start sketching early contributions on curvature analysis in the context of surface contact. Here we are developing criteria for second order surface contact in two different situations, i.e., in case both surfaces have tangential contact along a curve and in case they have tangential contact in a single point. The second result can be used for computing curvature entities of surfaces with a degenerate parametrization (Wolter, 1992). The first result has been used in the context of the constructing curvature continuous blend surfaces. The results of both contact cases have been generalized by the speaker to surface contact of arbitrary order.

The second part of the talk dealing with distance computations is looking into the problems of computing points nearest to a given surface as well as tracing on a surface a curve of foot point being nearest to a point moving on a given space curve. The latter problems offer a natural setting for discussing in the given context:

  1. Local computational methods such as tensorial differential equations for computing the orthogonal projection curve (J. Pegna, F.-E. Wolter (1989).
  2. (Semi-) global methods, e.g., Vectorfield Index - Method, (Kriezis, Patrikalakis, Wolter, 1991).
  3. Global differential geometric methods naturally yielding the concept of Cut Locus / Medial Axis, (e.g. Wolter, 1985,1992).

The aforementioned distance geometric concepts yield applications useful for finding small loops in surface intersections and have been used also in the context of quality control of manufacturing, e.g., submarine propulsors and turbine blades.


Guido Böttcher, "Haptic Interaction with Deformable Objects", Hardcover/Ebook, Springer, 2011.
The focus from most Virtual Reality (VR) systems lies mainly on the visual immersion of the user. But the emphasis only on the visual perception is insufficient for some applications as the user is limited in his interactions within the VR. Therefore the textbook presents the principles and theoretical background to develop a VR system that is able to create a link between physical simulations and haptic rendering which requires update rates of 1\,kHz for the force feedback. Special attention is given to the modeling and computation of contact forces in a two-finger grasp of textiles. Addressing further the perception of small scale surface properties like roughness, novel algorithms are presented that are not only able to consider the highly dynamic behaviour of textiles but also capable of computing the small forces needed for the tactile rendering at the contact point. Final analysis of the entire VR system is being made showing the problems and the solutions found in the work.

Contributions to Books:

Franz-Erich Wolter, Philipp Blanke, Hannes Thielhelm and Alexander Vais , "Computational Differential Geometry Contributions of the Welfenlab to GRK 615", vol. 57, LNACM, Springer Verlag, 2011,
This chapter presents an overview on contributions of the Welfenlab to GRK 615. Those contributions partial to computational differential geometry include computations of geodesic medial axis, cut locus, geodesic Voronoi diagrams, (“shortest”) geodesics joining two given points, “focal sets and conjugate loci” in Riemannian manifolds and the application of the medial axis on metal forming simulation. The chapter includes also the computation of Laplace spectra of surfaces, solids and images and the application of those Laplace spectra to recognize the respective objects in large collections of surfaces, solids and images. Beyond that this article touches also on the origin of the aforementioned works including research done at the Welfenlab as well as works that can be traced back to the graduate studies of the first author.

Springer-Link: www.springerlink.com/content/xh61039v4036541g/fulltext.pdf

Contributions to Proceedings:

Tine Thiessen, Martin Gutschke, Philipp Blanke, Wolfgang Mathis, Franz-Erich Wolter, "A numerical approach for nonlinear dynamical circuits with jumps", IEEE European Conference on Circuit Theory and Design (ECCTD), Linkoping, Sweden , 82011, p. 461-464,
A special class of nonlinear electronic circuits exhibits jump effects which occurs e.g. when the state space of an electronic system contains a fold. This can lead to difficulties during the simulation of these systems with standard circuit simulators. A common treatment to overcome these problems is to regularise these systems by adding suitably located parasitic inductors L's and capacitors C's. We propose a geometric approach and derive methods for solving circuit equations by means of algorithms from computational differential geometry. In this paper the geometric methods will be applied to an electronic multivibrator and numerical results will be presented.
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